The Papillon breed is about 500 years old.
You will see this breed, or similar, on paintings by Giotto, or Titzian.
Empress Maria Theresia (Empress from 1745 to 1780 based in Vienna.)
was very fond of these dainty, little dogs. They kept their keeper warm in the winter, and kept the hallways, and passages in the castle rat free!!
(translated from the paragraph in German below)
Empress Marie Theresia, Vienna, Austria
Die Rasse entstand schon früh auf Gemälden Giottos oder Tizians tauchen ähnliche Hunde auf und auch Kaiserin Maria Theresia begeisterte sich für die zierlichen, kleinen Hunde. Sie wärmten im Winter ihre Besitzerin und hielten die Schlossgänge rattenfrei.
As you can see him pictured in the previous post: the winner of this years Crufts in Europe.
Until a few years ago, one would hardly see a Phalene in the USA, or at a US Dog Show.
But the interest level is rising remarkably.
It is not easy to preserve the Phalene, because of confusing genetics.
For instance: Mom and Dad Phalene will not necessarily produce a Phalene litter.
Drop ear dogs can show up in a pair of erect ear (Papillon)parents.
It is difficult to find a show quality Phalene, the gene pool is limited, unreliable and unpredictable.
From Titian through Mignard and his contemporaries, all of the Contintenal ToySpaniels had drooping ears. The ears were set high, although far enough apartto show the curve of the skull. They were of medium size, hanging, as one writer has expressed it "lightly". There may, however, have been an occasional dog with leathers of sufficient strength for the ears to stand erect.
(Excerpts from "Brief History of the Papillon" by Rachel D. Kemmerer)
Titan: Venus Urbino
Aristocratic Girl / Girl Blowing Soap Bubbles ( 1674 ) by : Pierre Mignard - French Painter ( 1612 - 1695 )
Papillons do not recognise their small size, nor their vulnerability; they think of no difference between them and a Golden Retriever, Shepherd, or other large breed. Some of them even will be quite bossy to them, bossy to any other dog.
But if you already have a larger dog at home and you are in the process of adding a little Papillon to your family, make sure to realize your big dogs temperament first:
Is he aggressive, does he like to chase things?
If he does, be aware, he may use your little dog as a prey animal, thus endangering your small dog.
It is best to neuter your Papillon puppy at the age of 6 Months, but never too late to neuter anytime!!
Both: males, and females.
Call your vet and re-confirm. But under any circumstances, don't wait too long, especially with the little boys. If you go to do this timely, you can prevent most likely all marking behaviors.